Maternal Generation I: Elizabeth Hill married William Pinley
George Hill & other Hills in Virginia
It is now deemed highly probable that our ancestor Edward Hill was the youngest son of the 58 year old George Hill who arrived in Jamestown, Virginia in January of 1608. George Hill is redundantly verified as a passenger on the “First Supply” mission, arriving aboard the John & Francis (http://www.historicjamestowne.org/biographies/), though some sources cite The Phoenix. PenleyPearls has found no primary source document to validate the ship. He survived only part of the “starving time” during the winter of 1609 - 1610 after John Smith’s return to England, records indicate that he died at Jamestown in 1610.
1. Hugh Hill, born 1576 in Ellesmere: Hugh Hill arrived in Virginia between 1613 and 1619, but died well before the 1622 Massacre. Hugh's youngest documented child was born in England circa 1614; Jane and Marmaduke, Hugh Hill's two youngest children arrived at Virginia in May of 1619 on The Marygold. Hugh Hill may have also come over on the 1619 Marygold, but he probably sailed over earlier to prepare a home before his family arrived.1. Hugh Hill, born 1576
Hugh's oldest son, Francis arrived in Virginia on March 17 aboard the first Bona Nova voyage of 1620, probably completing his education before joining his family in Virginia. Francis Hill served under army officer Sergeant William Barry. Though he is often listed as a company servant, a 4-7 year indenture would have been expired before he was assigned to Governor George Yardley in 1627. Hugh's son Francis is located with soldiers at Elizabeth City on the List of the Living, and Army duty would have been more consistent with his family status. Francis perished in Virginia, or returned to England with his brother Marmaduke.
Collected information indicates that Hugh married a Frances Evans and fathered children Francis, Jane, Marmaduke before moving to Virginia. However, Rebecca (Biggs-Hill) Rose/Rosse was identified in a 1627 court document as the mother of Jane Hill, and had custody of Jane and Marmaduke Hill after the Massacre and on the 1625 Muster.
It is here postulated that if Hugh Hill married Frances Evans, she died sometime after the birth of his oldest son Francis, and he married Rebecca Biggs by 1610, and had children Jane and Marmaduke before moving to Virginia. Rebecca (Biggs-Hill-Rose/Rosse) and her children Jane (born circa 1610) and Marmaduke arrived on The Marygold in May of 1619. Hugh died long enough before the 1622 Massacre for Rebecca to marry a Mr. Rose/Rosse, who also died before the Massacre.
The widow, Rebecca Rosse is found on the 1624 List of the Living with two children (cited as two sons Rosse) at “West and Sherlow Hundred”. On the 1625 Muster, the widow Rebecca Rose is found at age 50, still at “West and Sherley Hundred” at Charles City. The two children are named Jane (age 14) and Marmaduke (age 11) Hill on the Muster. Rebecca and both children cited their arrival as May, 1619 on The Marygold. Later documents cite Rebecca as a midwife, the sister (could be sister-in-law?) of Richard Biggs of Charles City, and that she was indeed the mother of Jane Hill. (See List of the Living, 1624/5 Muster, Virginia Immigrants and Adventurers 1607 - 1635 (McCartney), Adventurers of Purse and Person, (Dorman).)
2. John Hill, born 1581 in Ellesmere, second known son of George and Isabella Hill: Although there are John Hill sightings in early Virginia, greater documentation is available that Edward Hill’s brother John remained based in London. In April of 1623, Edward Hill addressed his poignant description of life in Virginia to his brother John: “Edward Hill to his Brother, Mr. Jo. Hill, mercer in Lumbar Street [London]: dat’ 14 Ap. 1623”.
The other John Hill entries in early Virginia are accounted for as follows:
4. Edward Hill, born 1587, in Ellesmere: This was Our Edward Hill! Please see his chapters at PenleyPearls.com. George Hill’s youngest son chose land with the Ancient Planters by 1619 along the Hampton River at Elizabeth City, married Hannah Boyle, fathered Elizabeth Hill, and was cited as a hero during and after the 1622 Massacre. Our Edward Hill wrote a poignant letter home to his brother John and his father-in-law Richard Boyle describing the desperate conditions in Virginia. Our Edward Hill is found on the 1624 List of the Living, and his May 13, 1624 burial is noted on the 1625 Muster of the Inhabitants of Virginia. Our Edward Hill had been dead for 14 years before his nephew, the much better known Edward Hill arrived in Virginia.
George Hill’s DescendantsIn addition to Edward Hill’s daughter, Our Elizabeth Hill (born in Virginia circa 1621), some of Robert and/or Hugh Hill’s children remained in Virginia. Brother Hugh Hill’s widow Rebecca and presumed orphan Jane were still alive at Shirley Hundred in 1627, and his son Francis was in the service of Governor Yeardley. Most notable to this research, another Edward Hill, the grand son of George Hill and the son of Robert Hill, who is often confused with OUR EDWARD HILL arrived in Virginia by 1638.
The Other Edward HillOur Elizabeth (Hill) Pinley's first cousin, the son of her Uncle Robert Hill is often confused in collected records with Our Edward Hill. "That Edward Hill" arrived in Virginia by 1638 and settled in Charles City County, where his Uncle Hugh’s orphans Jane and Marmaduke Hill were last documented in 1627. The present day owners of Shirley Plantation claim their ancestors settled the Shirley Hundred area by 1613, and they trace the ownership of their specific current property to Edward Hill’s 1638 land grant.
Proof of the continuity of ownership back to 1613 by the Hill family may be found in a 1648 Poythres document which references a 1636 sale of land processed by agent Dictoris Christmas for Captain Edward Hill and orphans Jenkins and Mary Osborne, and (Nugent, p. 175). On the List of the Living, Francis Hill, presumed son of Hugh Hill was listed near Dictras Chrismus at Elizabeth City. No found record indicates this Edward Hill’s presence in Virginia until his 1638 land grant.
1638: Edward Hill I established 450-acre tobacco farm in Charles City County, establishing what is now the oldest family business in America